Proprietary

Information

                                     

 

 

 

 

 

Orbit Reader 20 Plus User Guide

 

 

                                        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                    June 11, 2020

Version 1.3

 

 

Contents

1        Introduction- 6

2        How the Orbit Reader 20 Plus Is Used- 7

2.1          Stand-Alone Mode- 7

2.2          Remote Mode- 7

3        Transcribed Braille- 7

4        Automatic Translation- 7

5        Translate Braille- 8

6        Documentation Conventions- 8

7        In the Box- 9

8        Features- 9

9        Orientation- 10

9.1          Key Location and Use- 11

9.2          Panning Keys- 12

9.3          8-Dot Braille Cells- 12

10      Getting Started- 12

10.1        Charging the Device- 12

10.2        Power On and Off- 13

10.3        Inserting and Formatting the SD Card- 14

10.4        About Menus and File Names- 14

10.5        Entering and Exiting Menus- 14

10.6        Device Operational Modes- 14

10.7        Languages and Translation- 15

11      The Menu- 17

11.1        Setting up Languages- 18

11.1.1         System Language- 18

11.1.2         Read/Edit Language- 19

11.1.3         Editor Encoding- 19

11.2        Menu Availability- 19

11.3        Menu Options- 19

11.3.1         Battery- 20

11.3.2         Cursor Blink (1) 21

11.3.3         Sort (Name: Ascend) 21

11.3.4         Split Words (Off) 21

11.3.5         Filter Dot 7 (On) 21

11.3.6         Wrapping (On) 22

11.3.7         Compress Spaces (On) 22

11.3.8         Scroll rate (Value) 22

11.3.9         Profile 1- 22

11.3.10       Profile 2- 22

11.3.11       Profile 3- 22

11.3.12       Profile 4- 23

11.3.13       Ver. 23

11.3.14       BVer. 23

11.3.15       Sr. 24

11.3.16       Reset Defaults- 24

11.3.17       Dateform dd-mm-yyyy- 24

11.3.18       Clock Settings- 24

11.3.19       Alarm 1- 25

11.3.20       Alarm 2- 26

11.3.21       USB (HID) 26

11.3.22       Bluetooth (Auto) 26

11.3.23       Pair (Just Works) 26

11.3.24       Emulate (Off) 27

11.3.25       Mode (Stand-Alone) 27

12      Stand-Alone Mode- 27

13      File Manager- 27

13.1        File Manager Commands- 28

13.2        More about Copying and Pasting Files- 30

13.3        File Movement Commands- 31

13.3.1         Supported File Types- 31

13.4        Preparing Files- 31

14      The Reader- 32

14.1        Reader Commands- 33

14.2        Power Move Forward and Back- 35

14.3        Find Braille- 35

14.4        Braille Pacer (Auto-Scroll) 36

15      Edit Box- 37

15.1        Edit Box Commands- 37

16      The Editor- 38

16.1        Editor Commands- 39

16.2        Editor Block Text Commands- 41

16.3        Context Menu- 41

17      Remote Mode- 42

17.1        Before you Connect- 43

17.2        Using the Bluetooth Connection- 43

17.3        Manage Connections- 44

17.3.1         Connect to Multiple Hosts- 45

17.4        USB- 45

17.4.1         Human Interface Device (HID) – Orbit 46

17.4.2         Human Interface Device (HID) – Braille- 46

17.4.3         Serial 46

17.4.4         Mass Storage- 47

17.5        Buffering Text Input to Remote Devices- 47

17.6        iOS Devices- 48

17.6.1         Connecting iOS with Bluetooth- 48

17.6.2         iOS Resources- 48

17.6.3         iOS Commands- 49

17.7        Mac Computers- 50

17.7.1         Connecting to a Mac with USB- 50

17.7.2         Connecting Mac with Bluetooth- 50

17.7.3         Controlling the Orbit Reader 20 Plus from Mac- 51

17.8        Android Devices- 52

17.8.1         Connecting Android with Bluetooth- 52

17.8.2         Input and Output Text with BrailleBack- 52

17.8.3         BrailleBack Commands- 53

17.9        Chromebooks- 53

17.9.1         Connecting Chromebook with USB- 53

17.9.2         ChromeVox Settings/Commands- 53

17.10     Fire Tablets- 53

17.11     Windows PCs- 54

17.11.1       Connecting Windows with USB- 54

17.11.2       Connecting Windows with Bluetooth- 54

17.11.3       Non-Visual Desktop Access (NVDA) 55

17.11.4       Job Access with Speech (JAWS) 56

17.11.5       System Access- 59

17.11.6       Dolphin ScreenReader 60

17.11.7       Window-Eyes- 60

17.11.8       Narrator 61

17.12     Orion TI-84 Plus- 61

18      Calculator- 62

18.1        Basic calculator functions- 63

18.1.1         Addition- 63

18.1.2         Subtraction- 63

18.1.3         Multiplication- 63

18.1.4         Division- 63

18.2        Memory functions- 63

18.2.1         MC (Memory Clear) 64

18.2.2         M+ (Memory Plus) 64

18.2.3         M- (Memory Minus) 64

18.2.4         MR (Memory Recall) 64

18.3        Calculator Commands- 64

18.4        Calculator Copy/paste Operations- 65

18.4.1         Copy/paste within Calculator 65

18.4.2         Copy from file and paste to Calculator 65

18.4.3         Copy from Calculator and paste to file- 65

18.5        Context Menu- 66

19      Calendar- 66

19.1        Appointments- 67

19.1.1         Create/View/Edit/Delete appointment 67

19.2        Calendar Commands- 68

20      Key Lock Command- 68

21      System Alerts- 69

22      Reboot the Device- 69

23      Device Upgrade Procedure- 69

23.1        Download firmware package- 70

23.2        Using the Windows PC Upgrade Utility- 70

23.3        Using an SD card to Perform the Upgrade- 73

23.3.1         Troubleshooting- 74

24      Language Options (Localization) 75

25      Troubleshooting-- 76

26      Battery Use and Replacement- 77

27      Accessories Information- 78

28      Orbit Reader 20 Plus Cleaning Tips- 78

29      General Specifications- 78

30      Appendices- 79

30.1        Appendix A - Computer Braille Chart- 79

30.2        Appendix B - Proper Trademark Notice and Attribution- 82

30.2.1         Hardware Limited Warranty- 83

30.2.2         EXCLUSIONS AND LIMITATIONS- 83

30.3        Appendix C - FCC Information- 85

FCC Notice  85

FCC Caution- 86

31      Further Information- 86

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: This user guide is applicable to software version vA1.02.00.08r01 and onwards.

1       Introduction

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus is a portable, refreshable braille display and stand-alone reader with the following features:

·         A line of 20 braille cells with pins that can accurately represent any six- or eight-dot braille code, in any language, and for any discipline

·         Reads the content of files on an SD™ (Secure Digital) card Stand-Alone Mode

·         Remote connectivity to PCs and mobile devices for use with a screen reader

·         On-board translation from text to braille and from braille to text

·         On-board support for contracted braille

·         On-board support for over 40 languages, including Unified English Braille (UEB)

·         Simple editing functions

·         Onboard utilities such as Calculator, Calendar and Alarm

·         Signage-quality braille

2       How the Orbit Reader 20 Plus Is Used

2.1      Stand-Alone Mode

Content stored on an SD card is read in one of three ways:

·         Sent by library

·         Prepared on a computer and copied to the device

·         Using onboard translation

In Stand-Alone mode, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus displays the contents of files stored on an SD card. It supports text to braille and braille to text translation on-board for English and over 40 other languages. For English, it supports translation to and from contracted and uncontracted braille. In addition, it can be configured to translate contracted braille in other languages. Please refer to the Localization section in this guide for more details.

2.2      Remote Mode

Connect the device to a computer or mobile device with a screen-reader and then do one of the following:

·         Read commercially available titles on Kindle™, Adobe® Digital Editions, or iBooks® application programs.

·         Employ any accessible technology for browsing, utilities, and education.

The screen reader translates text into Braille code of choice.

3       Transcribed Braille

There are multiple sources for files that are transcribed into high-quality braille. Below are some examples:

·         National Library Service (NLS) provides professionally transcribed, formatted files through the Web Braille project.

·         American Printing House for the Blind (APH) transcribes textbooks for K-12 students.

·         National Braille Press (NBP) produces braille books, textbooks, tests, and information for adults and children.

·         Louis Database lists titles produced by over 160 organizations.

4       Automatic Translation

In addition to professionally transcribed titles, you may also use dynamic translation to obtain braille.

 

Automatically translated braille may be appropriate for some forms of reading.

·         Bookshare® dynamically generates braille formatted files from the titles in its library.

·         NFB-NEWSLINE® is a free audio information service, providing downloadable Braille files of up-to-the-minute content from over 400 national, international, and state newspapers.

·         RNIB Reading Services offers electronic braille books for download to UK customers

5       Translate Braille

·         The Orbit Reader 20 Plus features built-in forward and reverse braille translation. This is controlled by the profile selected from the menu

·         BrailleBlaster™ is a full-featured transcription software package for creating quality formatted braille.

6       Documentation Conventions

For consistency and clarity, we have used the following conventions in this document.

Braille keys are indicated by number. For example, if the documentation indicates Dot 1, it shows: Dot 1.

If multiple braille keys are required, the documentation indicates those keys by showing the numbers separated by a space like this: Dots 1 4.

When modifier keys are used, the documentation separates the modifiers from the rest of the keys with a plus (+) sign like this: Space + Dot 1. Modifiers like the Shift key on a regular QWERTY keyboard, are keys you hold down while pressing another key to modify the effect of the pressed key. On a braille keyboard, Space is often used as a modifier key. Key mnemonics are written in capital letters for emphasis but are typed in braille lowercase (unless otherwise stated). When one key follows another, the two keys are shown with a comma between them. For example, the command Select, M means to press and release the Select key, then press and release M (Dots 1 3 4) simultaneously.

The Up, Down, Right, and Left directional buttons on the navigation pad are interchangeably referred to as arrows, buttons, arrow buttons, and arrow keys.

All messages from the device are preceded with Dots 2 5, 2 5 and space. In the documentation, this is indicated by a double hyphen.

The word Keys and Buttons are used interchangeably.

In descriptions of each Menu option, this documentation indicates the default setting.

Any reference to navigation by “page” while in Stand-Alone mode only means navigation by 1000 characters (page = 1000 characters).

7       In the Box

In addition to the basic package that includes Orbit Reader 20 Plus and the printed Quick-Start guide, the following accessories are available:

 

·         Standard-A to Micro-B USB cable

·         AC adapter

·         SD card

Check that all purchased items are in the box that you have received.

8       Features

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus has the following features:

·         20 refreshable eight-dot braille cells that can display 6-dot as well as 8-dot braille symbols

·         Onboard forward and backward braille translation

·         Bluetooth® wireless technology

·         Clock function, which also time-stamps files when they are created or edited

·         Calculator, calendar and alarm applications

·         Eight braille input keys and space bar

·         Navigation keypad with four directional buttons (Up, Down, Left and Right arrows) and a Select button

·         Micro-B USB charging and communication port

·         SD card slot

·         Two rocker keys for panning

·         User-replaceable rechargeable battery

9       Orientation

The orientation of buttons, keys, cells, and slots is important for understanding how the device operates and how you input and receive information on the device.

 

To begin with, place the device on a flat surface in front of you with the row of braille cells closest to you. This is the proper operational orientation.

As you reach around from the front to the back of the device, from left to right, there is the Power button (left), an SD card slot (middle), and a Micro-B USB port (right). They are all recessed in an area in the left half of the back edge (facing away from the user). The Power button sticks out enough to make it easy to identify. The SD card slot has two small bumps directly below it and the USB port has one bump below it (shown in the picture below).

 

The SD card slot is a standard type with spring feedback. The SD card is inserted with the card connector fingers facing down. To release the card, press in and remove your finger to allow the card to pop out.

The battery compartment is located on the bottom of the device.

9.1      Key Location and Use

When properly oriented, the space bar is closest to you. The panning keys are at each end of the braille display. See the Panning Keys section for more information. Below the space bar are the braille cells.

 

For orientation purposes, there are three slightly raised tick marks located above the braille cells. These orientation marks are spaced at every fifth braille cell. For example, the first tick mark from the left is between the fifth and sixth braille cell.

 

 

Moving toward the top and away from you, find a row of three keys, with a wider

one - in the middle. The wide key is the Space bar. The Dot 7 input key is to the

left of the Space Bar, and the Dot 8 input key is to the right of the Space Bar.

 

As you continue toward the top of the face of the display, there is a navigation

pad in the middle, between the Braille Input keys and Space bar.

 

The navigation pad contains the four directional arrow buttons (Up, Down, Left,

Right) and the Select button.

 

The six traditional braille input keys are aligned horizontally along the top edge of

the face of the display, Dots 3 2 1 on the left and Dots 4 5 6 on the right.

 

In Stand-Alone mode, the braille input keys are used for navigation and editing/writing.

 

In Remote mode, while using the display with a screen reader on a host device, like an iPhone, the braille input keys can be used to input text or control the functionality of applications on the host device.

9.2      Panning Keys

The Panning keys are two-function rocker keys found at either end of the braille display. These keys control how you read the lines of the text: either next or previous. Pressing one end of the key results in one action, while pressing the opposite end results in the opposite action.

 

To read the next display of text (panning forward), press the bottom part of the key (down) on either Panning key. To read the previous display of text (panning backward), press the top part of the key (up) on either Panning key.

9.3      8-Dot Braille Cells

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus is a six-dot braille device with two additional dots below Dot 3 and Dot 6. These two additional dots are Dot 7 and Dot 8, which are used to indicate capitalization while reading and editing the file. These dots also indicate a selected item in the menu, text with attributes or accent marks or a cursor. Their exact use depends on the application you use with the display.

10   Getting Started

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus has two modes: Stand-Alone mode and Remote mode. In Stand-Alone mode, the device is a book reader that uses an SD card as storage media. In Remote mode, the device works like a braille display and needs to be connected to a computer or other host with a screen reader.

 

This section explains how to charge, turn the device on and off, insert the SD card, and enter and exit the menus.

10.1   Charging the Device

When you receive the Orbit Reader 20 Plus, it may be already charged; however, we recommend that it should be fully charged before or during first use. You can use the device and charge it at the same time, so it saves reading time. When the battery in Orbit Reader 20 Plus gets to 10% of its capacity, Dot 8 of the 20th cell on the display starts blinking on and off. This behavior is normal and indicates that the battery is low.

 

To charge the device, use the Standard-A to Micro-B USB cable and the charger power plug provided with the unit. Insert the small end of the cable into the Orbit Reader 20 Plus's USB port. It should slide in without resistance; do not force it. Now insert the large end of the cable into a computer’s USB connector or the AC adapter provided. Plug the adapter into an AC wall connector.

 

If the device is on when you connect the charger, the display shows "-- Charger connected".  When you unplug the charger, it shows "-- Charger unplugged". The charger plugged and unplugged indications are displayed briefly even when the unit is off. The language of the message depends on the language you select for system messages from the menu. By default, the language will be English (BANA) Grade 1 (uncontracted English braille).

 

For more information, see the Battery section under the Menu.

If you have charged the device for 4 hours or longer, and it does not power on, contact Customer Service at techsupport@orbitresearch.com

10.2   Power On and Off

A square Power (on/off) button is located on the back of the device. See Orientation section for more information.

 

To power on the device, press and hold the power button for 2 seconds. If for some reason the powering on process takes more time, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus flashes the braille cells from left to right to let you know that it is powering on.

 

When you turn the device on, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus resumes from the place you left. If you are using the device or inserting the SD card, Orbit Reader 20 Plus shows the first file or folder name on the SD card.

 

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus displays, “-- No SD card" when the SD card slot is empty.

 

To turn off the device, press and hold the Power button for two seconds. The braille cells flash from left to right to indicate the device is powering down.

 

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus has a low-power standby/sleep mode. Quickly tapping the Power button puts the unit in sleep mode. Tapping the Power button while the device is in sleep mode, wakes the device. While editing or when connected to Bluetooth, if no keys are pressed for an hour, the unit automatically goes into sleep mode.  Otherwise, the device goes to sleep after 10 minutes of inactivity. After five hours in sleep mode, the unit shuts off to conserve power.

10.3   Inserting and Formatting the SD Card

The device comes with an inserted SD card with translated braille files already on it, so that you can quickly learn to use the device by reading the material.

 

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus uses standard full-size SD cards from 4GB to 32 GB in capacity. The card must be formatted as FAT32. There is no way to format a card on the device. Most cards come already formatted. However, you can format one as FAT32 on a desktop computer for use with the Orbit Reader 20 Plus.

 

To insert the SD card, find the large slot at the back.

 

On one of the short sides of the SD card, there are some ridges called fingers or teeth. Position the SD card with the teeth facing down. Now insert the short side with teeth into the device. The SD card should go in smoothly until it gets about a quarter of an inch from being fully in the device. At this point, you feel a slight resistance. The card slot works like a toaster, gently push the SD card in until you hear a click. The card is aligned with the rear edge when properly inserted.

 

To remove the card, press it in a little until it pops out and then gently remove it.

10.4   About Menus and File Names

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus shows internal menus and file names according to the language selected from the menu.

10.5   Entering and Exiting Menus

To…

Do this

Open the menu

Press Select + Up Arrow

Exit the menu

Press Dot 7

Move through the menu choices

Press the Up or Down Arrows

See choices within a menu option

Use the Right and Left Arrows

Select a menu item

Press Select or Dot 8

10.6   Device Operational Modes

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus has two functional modes. Stand-Alone mode and Remote mode.

 

Stand-Alone mode is the default operational mode and allows you to read, edit, and browse files without being connected to another device. An SD card must be inserted in the Orbit Reader 20 Plus while operating in Stand-Alone mode. See the Stand-Alone Mode section of this document for more information.

 

Remote mode allows you to connect the Orbit Reader 20 Plus to iPhone®, iPad®, and Android™ mobile devices, as well as desktop computers. In Remote mode, Orbit Reader 20 Plus acts as an input and output device for the remotely connected host via USB or Bluetooth. See the Remote Mode section of this document for more information.

 

To move back and forth between Stand-Alone and Remote modes, use the following commands:

·         To switch to Remote mode: press Select + Right Arrow

·         To switch to Stand-Alone mode: press Select + Left Arrow

The Stand-Alone mode provides the following features:

·         Menu

Remote mode connects in the following ways:

·         Bluetooth

10.7   Languages and Translation

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus supports multiple languages. They include the following:

 

Pre-loaded languages:

·         English (BANA) 8-dot Computer Braille

·         English (BANA) Uncontracted

·         English (BANA) Contracted

More than 40 languages can be loaded from the SD card

·         English UEB Grade 1

·         English UEB Grade 2

·         English UK Grade 1

·         English UK Grade 2

·         Afrikaans Grade 1

·         Afrikaans Grade 2

·         Arabic Grade 1

·         Arabic Grade 2

·         Assamese

·         Awadhi

·         Bengali

·         Croatian 8-dot computer braille

·         Croatian Grade 1

·         Dutch Grade 1 (Belgium)

·         Dutch Grade 1 (Netherlands)

·         Finnish 8-dot computer braille

·         French 6-dot Braille

·         French 8-dot computer braille

·         French Grade 2

·         German Grade 1

·         German 8-dot computer braille

·         Hebrew 8-dot

·         Hindi

·         Hungarian 8-dot computer braille

·         Hungarian Grade 1

·         Hungarian Grade 2

·         Iraq Grade 1

·         Kannada

·         Kashmiri

·         Malayalam

·         Manipuri

·         Marathi

·         Mongolia Grade 1

·         Mongolia Grade 2

·         Munda

·         Nepali Grade 1

·         Norwegian computer braille

·         Norwegian Grade 1

·         Norwegian Grade 2

·         Oriya

·         Portuguese 6-dot Grade 1

·         Portuguese 6-dot Grade 2

·         Portuguese 8-dot

·         Punjabi

·         Russian computer braille

·         Russian Grade 1

·         Sanskrit

·         Sindhi

·         Slovak Braille Grade 1

·         Spanish 8-dot computer braille

·         Spanish Grade 1

·         Spanish Grade 2

·         Swedish 8-dot computer braille

·         Swedish Grade 1

·         Tamil

·         Telugu

·         Tswana Grade 1

·         Turkish 8-dot

·         Turkish Grade 1

·         Turkish Grade 2

·         Urdu 6-dot Grade 1

·         Urdu 6-dot Grade 2

You can configure the device to use the same or different languages for the system messages and to read/write files. For example, you can choose to have the system menu and messages to be in a local language while you work on English files with the reader/editor or vice versa.

 

There are language profiles that can be selected and configured from the menu. Alternatively, you can switch between different profiles using the hotkeys. Please refer to the section ‘Setting up the languages’ for more details.

 

While typing you will have to enter the key inputs as per the language selected. For example, if you have selected contracted braille, you must type in contracted braille only. This applies to any key input you provide such as typing for the Find command, or for renaming the file.

11   The Menu

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus provides a menu for setting options, checking the battery, and changing modes of operation.

 

To open the menu, press the Select and Up Arrow keys. Battery Status is the first menu option displayed.

 

Some menu options let you select among a number of choices. For example, the Sort option allows you to choose one of the various options for arranging files in the file manager. Other menu options provide information about the device, such as serial number and version. The selected option is underlined with Dots 7 8.

 

To scroll through the other possibilities, press the Right Arrow key. To select the option, press Select or Dot 8. Orbit Reader 20 Plus responds by underlining the word with Dots 7 8 to indicate the choice.

 

To move to another menu item, press the Up or Down Arrow key. When you get to the end of the list of options and press the Down Arrow key, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus moves back to the top menu item. Similarly, when you press the Up Arrow from the first menu item, The Orbit Reader 20 Plus moves to the last item in the list. This feature allows quick access to the last few menu items and so some options that may be used frequently are located at the bottom of the menu list.

 

To close the menu and return to your work, press Dot 7.

 

The menu settings are preserved after firmware upgrades.  However, the settings are restored to the defaults if there is a change in the menu structure or menu items in the new firmware release.

 

11.1   Setting up Languages

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus comes configured to support English uncontracted (EBAE), English contracted (EBAE), Computer Braille. Additional language translation tables and translated versions of the system messages and menu can be loaded from the SD card. Please refer to the Localization section in this guide for more details.

 

Note: BRF cannot be configured as the system language.

 

In addition to the language options, you can configure the encoding type of the text file. Encoding is how the data is stored internally in the text file. There are pros and cons to each of the encoding systems. If you are not sure which encoding to use, we recommend using UTF-8. More details on encoding can be found at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Character_encoding

 

While typing, the key inputs should be according to the language selected. For example, if you have set the language to English Contracted, you must type in English Contracted. This applies to typing in the editor, for entering strings for the find command, for renaming a file or a folder, etc.

 

To allow easy configuration of language settings and switching between languages, four language profiles (Profile 1,2,3, and 4) are provided. Each profile will have options to choose the System Language, Read/Edit Language and Editor Encoding.

11.1.1 System Language

The System Language setting allows you to set the language of the system messages and menu options. The following options are available and are applicable to all system messages, menu items and the file manager.

a.    eng_g1 (English Grade 1)

b.    eng_g2 (English Grade 2)

c.    eng_compbrl (English Computer Braille)

d.    <Languages from SD card>

11.1.2 Read/Edit Language

The Read/edit Language setting allows the user to read or edit the content in the desired language. It will have the following sub-options and will be applicable to the reader and editor application only.

a.    eng_g1 (English Grade 1)

b.    eng_g2 (English Grade 2)

c.    eng_compbrl (English Computer Braille)

d.    brf (BRF format files)

e.    <Languages from SD card>

11.1.3 Editor Encoding

The Editor Encoding setting applies to new files only and allows the user to save the file in the desired encoding format. It has the following options:

a.    UTF-8

b.    Unicode-16LE

c.    Unicode-16BE

d.    ANSI

 

Pressing the Select key will select the profile. Pressing the Right Arrow key on any of the profile will open its sub-menu options. The user can scroll through these sub-menu items by pressing the Right/Left Arrow keys.

 

The hotkeys for switching between profiles are Select + 1, Select + 2, Select + 3, and Select + 4 for profiles 1, 2, 3, and 4 respectively.

 

If the user accidentally selects an unfamiliar language, pressing Select + 1 2 3 will restore the default profile.

11.2   Menu Availability

The menu is available for the Remote and Stand-Alone modes. Press Select + Up Arrow to open the menu in either mode.

 

To exit the menu and return to the previous mode, press Dot 7.

11.3   Menu Options

Some of the Menu options have a default setting (indicated in the list below). For most of these options, you can move among alternatives by pressing the Right or Left Arrows and then pressing Select or Dot 8. Selected items are underlined with Dots 7 8. Refer to the specific section for further information.

 

 

Battery

Cursor Blink (1)

Sort (Name: Ascend)

Split Words (Off)

Filter Dot 7 (On)

Wrapping (On)

Compress Spaces (On)

Scroll rate (Value)

Profile 1

Profile 2

Profile 3

Profile 4

Ver.

BVer.

Sr.

Reset Defaults

Dateform dd-mm-yyyy

Clock Settings

Alarm 1

Alarm 2

USB (HID)

Bluetooth (Auto)

Pair (Just Works)

Emulate (Off)

Mode (Stand-Alone)

11.3.1 Battery

The Battery status menu item displays the amount of power (percentage) left in the battery. When the battery in the Orbit Reader 20 Plus gets to 10%, Dot 8 of the 20th cell on the display blinks on and off. This behavior is normal, indicating that the battery is low.

 

It also notes when the unit is charging. For example, when plugged in for charging, the message "-- Charging XX%" is displayed, where XX is the percentage number. Similarly, for first-time use, the message "-- Battery XX%" is displayed.

11.3.2 Cursor Blink (1)

The Cursor Blink option works only while editing in the Edit Box or Editor mode. This option allows selecting the number of seconds between blinks. The default setting for the Cursor Blink option is one second between blinks. The setting choices are 1, 5, 15, 30, and 60 seconds, and 0 where the cursor does not blink. To make a selection, press Select.

11.3.3 Sort (Name: Ascend)

The Sort menu item lets you change the order of the files on the SD card, using The Orbit Reader 20 Plus's built-in File Manager. The sorting options are - Name (Ascend/Descend), Date, Size, and Last Read. The default setting for Sort is Name (Ascend). To return to the File Manager, press Dot 7 from Stand-Alone mode. To make a selection, press Select or Dot 8.

 

In Remote mode, press Select + Up Arrow. This command takes you to the Menu. Use Down Arrow to Sort list item.

 

If you are in File Manager or Reader, press Select + Up Arrow to enter the Menu, then Down Arrow to Sort.


If you are
in Editor, first exit (Select, E OR Select twice) and then press Select + Up Arrow to enter the Menu. Down Arrow to Sort.

 

Additionally, you may sort files within the selected category in Ascending or Descending order. After selecting a category, press the Right Arrow until you reach either Ascend or Descend in the list and press the Select button or Dot 8 . The Orbit Reader 20 Plus arranges the files in the indicated order. The default setting for this menu item is Ascending (A to Z).

11.3.4 Split Words (Off)

The default setting for Split Words is Off. In the default setting, the Reader tries to put as much content on the display as possible without splitting a word. However, if you want 20 cells of braille, no matter the content, set Split Words to On. When Split Words is on, the Reader shows partial words. When you pan to the next 20 cells of braille, the remainder of that word appears at the beginning of the line. To make a selection, press Select or Dot 8.

11.3.5 Filter Dot 7 (On)

The default setting for Filter Dot 7 is On. The Filter Dot 7 menu item lets you turn off the Dot 7 that frequently appears in some BRL and BRF files. The Dot 7 is filtered by default, but if you want to make a BRL or BRF file that uses eight-dot braille, turn this setting off. To make a selection, press Select or Dot 8.

11.3.6 Wrapping (On)

The default setting for Wrapping is On. The Wrapping option is The Orbit Reader 20 Plus's way of reflowing files that are already formatted for embossing. Normally, formatted files contain line-end indicators every 38-40 characters, which starts a new line. This option eliminates extra spaces, making it easier to read on a 20-cell display. To make a selection, press Select.

11.3.7 Compress Spaces (On)

Carriage returns, blank lines, and tabs represent extra spaces (or white space) in a document. These spaces take up lots of room and therefore slow down reading on a braille display. The Compress Spaces option eliminates superfluous blank lines and spaces. If multiple blank lines or spaces appear in the file, they are compressed to a single space. This setting is especially useful when reading formatted text files that contain many blank lines.

 

The default setting for Compress Spaces is On. To make a selection, press Select or Dot 8.

11.3.8 Scroll rate (Value)

Displays the current scroll rate time in seconds. This cannot be modified from

the Menu but can be adjusted as described in section Auto-Scroll.

 

11.3.9 Profile 1

The Profile 1 default settings are configured mainly for using the device with the English language-Grade 1. However, it can be configured to select any of the available languages and encoding schemes.

 

-          System Language: English Grade 1

-          Read/Edit Language: English Grade 1

-          Editor Encoding: ANSI

11.3.10              Profile 2

The profile 2 default settings are configured for using the device with the English language-Grade 2. However, it can be configured to select any of the available languages and encoding schemes.

 

-          System Language: English Grade 2

-          Read/Edit Language: English Grade 2

-          Editor Encoding: ANSI  

11.3.11              Profile 3

The profile 3 default settings are configured mainly for using the device with the Computer Braille. However, it can be configured to select any of the available languages and encoding schemes.

 

-          System Language: Computer Braille

-          Read/Edit Language: BRF

-          Editor Encoding: ANSI

11.3.12              Profile 4

The profile 4 default settings are configured mainly for using the device with the language loaded from the SD card. However, it can be configured to select any of the available languages.

 

-          System Language: <Languages from SD card>

-          Read/Edit Language: <Languages from SD card>

-          Editor Encoding: UTF-8

Note: The default settings of Profile 1,2,3, and 4 can be changed with the help of Right/Left Arrow keys, under the System Language, Read/Edit Language and Editor Encoding options.

 

For example, if you wish to have the system language as English Grade 2 and work with BRF files, you can select Profile 3 that has the following default settings.

 

-          System Language: Computer Braille

-          Read/Edit Language: BRF

-          Editor Encoding: ANSI

You can change the system language to English Grade 2 and you can have the desired changes. Likewise, all the profiles can be configured as per the requirements.

 

Please refer to the Localization section in this guide for additional information.

11.3.13              Ver.

The Version in the menu displays the version of the software running on your device. You may need the version number when talking to Customer Service. For the latest version update, see the website

 

Note: The software version will be shown in computer braille only.

 

11.3.14              BVer.

The Bver menu item displays the version of the bootloader software installed on your device. You may need the bootloader version number when talking to Customer Service.

 

Note: The software version will be shown in  computer braille only.

 

11.3.15              Sr.

The Serial Number in the menu shows the individualized serial number of the device you are using. This number may be important for warranty purposes.

11.3.16              Reset Defaults

The Reset Defaults in the menu resets all your menu settings to the factory settings. To reset to the default settings, press the Select button or Dot 8 . This action resets defaults and takes you to the top of the Menu options list (Battery Status).

11.3.17              Dateform dd-mm-yyyy

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus support the three different date formats

·         dd-mm-yyyy

·         mm-dd-yyyy

·         yyyy-mm-dd

The default date format is “dd-mm-yyyy”. You can change the date format using left and right key and set the date format by pressing the Select key.

11.3.18              Clock Settings

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus has a clock in it. You can check the date and time by pressing Space + Dots 2 3 4 5. It also time-stamps files when they are created or edited. Please note, the command (Space + t) for checking the time is applicable in file manager and reader mode.

 

The default format for time and date is HH:MM DD-MM-YYYY (where, HH is Hours, MM is Minutes, DD is Date, MM is Month and YYYY is Year).

 

You can scroll through different fields of date and time using Left/Right navigation keys. The current selected field will be underlined.

 

Press Select key to adjust value of the current selected field. Press Up Arrow to increase and Down Arrow to decrease the value of the field. For instance, if the current date is 01-08-2017 and you want to change it to 01-08-2018, first use the Left/Right navigation key to go to the year field (YYYY). Now, press the Up Arrow to change the year from 2017 to 2018 and then Select key to save the changes.

 

When you get to the end of the last value in the range, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus moves back to the first value item. Similarly, when you press the Up Arrow from the first value item, The Orbit Reader 20 Plus moves to the last item in the list

For instance, the minute ranges from 00 to 59. So, if the user presses the Up Arrow when the time is 09:59, it will go to 00 value i.e. the new time will be 10:00.  

 

The following are the date and time ranges of the Orbit Reader 20 Plus.

 

·         Time Range

·         Hour range - 0 to 23

·         Minutes range - 0 to 59

·         Date Range

·         1 to 31 for months 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12

·        1 to 30 for months 4, 6, 9, 11

·         1 to 28/29 (2nd month of the year according to the leap year)

·         Month range - 1 to 12

·         Year range - 2018 to 2040

(Note: If the date is 31/30 and you select the 2nd month of the year, then the date will automatically change to 28/29.)

11.3.19              Alarm 1

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus has an alarm feature built-in. You can set two different alarms according to your needs. The first alarm can be configured from this menu item.

 

There are total of four fields to configure the alarm. You can navigate through different fields by pressing the Left and Right arrow key and Press Up and Down arrow key to navigate different choices of the particular field. The current selected field will be underlined.

Alarm Status (OFF): Press the Right arrow key to go to Alarm status. You can switch the Alarm status between ON and OFF by pressing the Up and Down arrow keys. Press Select or Dot 8 to choose. Default is Off

 

Time (HH:MM AM): Next to alarm status is time. Press the Right arrow key to go the time field. The format of the time is HH:MM AM. Press Up/Down arrow key to set the hour. Press the Right arrow key to go the minutes and set the minutes by pressing the Up/Down arrow key. The right to the minute is AM/PM setting. Press the Up/Down arrow key to set the AM/PM setting. Default is 10:10 AM.

 

Repeat (Mon): Press the Right arrow key to go the repeat field and set the desired day by pressing the Up/Down arrow key. You can choose from Monday to Sunday. There are additional two options: All and Once. When you set “All” it rings for every day and when you set “Once” it rings only once at the next occurrence of the set event. Default is “once”.

 

Snooze time (1 to 59): Press the Right arrow key to set the Snooze time. The range of the snooze time is 1 to 59 minutes. The default is 5 minutes.

 

The alarm flashes dots up and down for 5 seconds at its configured date and time, even if the device is in sleep mode or completely off. It shows “Alarm 1” or “Alarm 2” followed by the rest of the display flashing with all dots up and down.

 

Press Dot 7 to close the alarm or press Space to Snooze. The alarm automatically snoozes if not acknowledged. It repeats this cycle 5 times before it turned off the alarm automatically.

11.3.20              Alarm 2

The second alarm can be configured from this menu item. It has similar settings as in Alarm 1.

11.3.21              USB (HID)

The USB menu selects between the four possible USB protocols: Human Interface Device (HID) (Orbit), HID Braille, Serial, or Mass Storage. The default setting for USB is HID (Orbit). To select the option, press Select or Dot 8.

 

For more information, see the USB Connectivity section under Remote Mode.

 

11.3.22              Bluetooth (Auto)

There are three choices under this menu option.

·         Bluetooth Auto

·         Bluetooth manual

·         Bluetooth OFF

The default setting for Bluetooth is Auto. If there is any screen reader activity running on the paired device, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus automatically switches to Bluetooth Remote mode. If you do not want an automatic Bluetooth connection, switch to manual option. To disable Bluetooth completely, select OFF. To select option, press select or Dot 8.

 

For more information, see the Using the Bluetooth Connection section under Remote Mode.

11.3.23              Pair (Just Works)

The Pair menu item selects a Bluetooth pairing scheme. The Orbit Reader 20 Plus uses the selected scheme when it responds to a Bluetooth pairing request from a host device. To select the option, press Select or Dot 8.

 

The two choices are:

 

Just Works – This is the default Bluetooth pairing scheme. When using this scheme, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus automatically pairs to any device that sends a pairing request.

 

Confirm code – This is the most secure pairing scheme. With this scheme, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus responds to pairing requests by showing a random number on both the Orbit Reader 20 Plus's braille display and on the host device. To confirm the request, ensure that the numbers match and press Dot 8 on the Orbit Reader 20 Plus. To reject the pairing request, press Dot 7.

11.3.24              Emulate (Off)

The Emulation option allows you to choose how the device appears to the Host screen reader applications while operating in Remote mode. If RB18 (Refreshabraille 18™) Emulation mode is selected, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus appears as a Refreshabraille 18 and only the first 18 cells are used. If Emulation mode is Off, it appears as Orbit Reader 20 Plus. To select the option, press Select or Dot 8.

 

The default setting for Emulation mode is Off.

11.3.25              Mode (Stand-Alone)

By default, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus operates in Stand-Alone mode where you read and write files stored on the SD card. To specifically set the unit to another mode, select among Remote, BT (for Bluetooth,) or USB. the Orbit Reader 20 Plus tries to automatically switch to Bluetooth or USB depending on screen reader activity, but if you want to, for instance, specifically switch back to Stand-Alone mode from Remote mode, or switch the interface from Bluetooth to USB, use this option. To select the option, press Select or Dot 8.

12   Stand-Alone Mode

Stand-Alone mode is the default operational mode and allows you to read, edit, and browse files without being connected to another device. A formatted SD card must be inserted in the Orbit Reader 20 Plus while operating in Stand-Alone mode. This card must contain the files you wish to read.

 

Stand-Alone mode operates in the following ways:

13   File Manager

File Manager is where you select a file stored on the SD card to read on the Orbit Reader 20 Plus. You can also create new files and folders, view the properties (such as the file size and current reading position) and copy, rename, and delete files.

 

When moving through the list of files, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus shows the first 20 characters of the file name. You may scroll to the rest of the information about the file, such as the rest of a long file name, its size, and date, by using the panning keys to move the display window. You can change the way files are sorted in the file list using related menu options.

 

Each item on the file list includes the following items:

·         Filename and extension

·         The current reading position in the file as a count of characters

·         Size in KB (kilobytes)

·         Last modified time

·         Protected or Unprotected

Only one column is displayed per line (with panning as necessary). Pressing Left or Right Arrow moves to the previous or next column heading (file information). Upon exiting the Reader (Dot 7), you are returned to the same place and column in the File Manager.

 

The language of the file name is displayed according to the system language. For instance, if the file is in English and the default language is also English, then it would be displayed in English. But If the system language is in the local language, and the file name is in English, the file name may appear as garbage. However, you can quickly change the profile for the local language, using the hotkey for reading the file name in the local language.

13.1   File Manager Commands

The following are the commands which you can use in the File Manager. Most of the commands for files also work for folders.

 

To...

Press

Additional information

Open a file or folder

Select or Dot 8

Pressing Select or Dot 8 opens the file or folder.

Go to previous or next file or folder

Up or Down Arrow

Pressing Up or Down Arrow moves to the previous or next file in the list.

Go back one folder level

Dot 7

Dot 7 acts like a "back" key to exit current activity. If you are already in File Manager, pressing Dot 7 moves back one level where you have multiple subfolders open.
If you are at the root level, Dot 7 does nothing. If you are in one of the columns of information, for example, size or date, then pressing Dot 7 returns to filename.

Move through file information

Left or Right Arrow

This command moves you through the file information by headings. See File Manager section for more information.

Open the Menu

Select + Up Arrow

Pressing Select + Up Arrow opens the Menu.

Scroll text

Left or Right Panning keys

If the file name is longer than the display, panning left or right displays more of the file name. When you get to the end of the file name, pressing the panning key moves you to the next item of file information, like position, size, date, and so on.

Make a New File

Space + N (Dots 1 3 4 5)

The New File command starts the Editor mode with a new file. To exit the Editor, press Select twice.

Make a New Folder

Space + O (Dots 1 3 5)

The New Folder command opens the Edit Box where you may type the name of the new folder. Pressing Dot 8 saves the folder name and returns you to the file list with the new folder selected. If you do not name the folder, pressing Dot 8 names the folder as New Folder. Press Select to exit without making a new folder.

Delete a file or folder

Space + D (Dots 1 4 5)

This action deletes the currently selected file(s) or folder(s). Only empty folders and unprotected files can be deleted. A confirmation is required before the file or folder is deleted. When the message "-- Confirm action" is displayed, press Select or Dot 8 to confirm or press Dot 7 to cancel.

Rename a file or folder

Space + R (Dots 1 2 3 5)

The Rename File command allows you to change the name of a file or folder. To use it, press the Rename command. The Orbit Reader 20 Plus responds with an Edit Box containing the original file or folder name. Edit the name or type a new one and press Dot 8. Press Select to exit without renaming a file or folder. Note: The key input for the file name should be entered as per the selected system language.

Cut a file

Space + X (Dots 1 3 4 6)

This action cuts the currently selected file(s) or empty folders from their location and places it (them) on the clipboard to be used with the paste command.

 

Copy a file

 

Space + C (Dots 1 4)

The Copy File command makes a copy of the currently selected file(s) or empty folders and places it (them) on the clipboard to be used with the paste command.

Paste a file

Space + V (Dots 1 2 3 6)

This action pastes the file(s) or folder(s) that are currently on the clipboard into the current location in the File Manager. If no file or folder is on the clipboard, no action is taken.

Mark a file

Space + M (Dots 1 3 4)

When moving multiple files, use the Mark File command to mark each individual file before using Cut, Copy, or Delete. To Mark a file, place arrow on the file and press Space + M.
To clear a marked file, press Space + M again.
File Manager indicates marked files by raising Dots 7 and 8 of the first letter of the file name.

Protect or unprotect a file

Space + P (Dots 1 2 3 4)

To protect a file from accidental changes, arrow to the file and press Space + P. To remove the protected status, select the file and press Space + P again. To determine if a file is Protected, arrow Right or Left to the Unprotected/Protected heading.

Edit the current file

Space + E (Dots 1 5)

When editing the current file, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus switches to Edit mode, which is indicated by a cursor at the point of input. The cursor is at the first character shown on the display when you pressed the edit command. As you type, everything is saved to the file. To exit, press Select twice. See The Editor section for more information.

Edit Last Edited File

Space + Dots 1 2 4 6

This command reopens the last file you edited and returns the cursor to its last position in that file. “The Edit Last Edited File” command is useful for taking notes on what you read. Use the command to quickly switch back to the Editor. Then close the Editor to return to the title you are reading. This command has no effect if you are already editing a file. The device displays the error message "-- File not found" when no previous file has been opened or if the file was deleted. Press Select twice to return to the file you were reading.

13.2   More about Copying and Pasting Files

When copying or pasting a file that results in another file with the same name, File Manager adds an extension to indicate that the new file is a copy. For example: if you copy book.brf to a folder that already contains book.brf, the new file becomes book_1.brf and the original book.brf remains unchanged.

 

If the SD card runs out of space before a file operation is completed, File Manager shows, "-- Error copying file xxx" where xxx is the file name.

 

When copying a large number of files, or large files that can take some time, the File Manager displays progress messages during the copy operation.

 

If copying a file takes more than five seconds, File Manager displays, "-- Copying xxx (yy%)" where xxx is the name of the file and yy is the percentage complete. This percentage is updated after every 10% of the progress.

For the command keys, go to the File Manager Commands table under the File Manager section.

13.3   File Movement Commands

To...

Press

Additional information

Move to the first file

Press Space + Dots 1 2 3

Pressing Space + Dots 1 2 3 moves File Manager selection to the first file in the current folder.

Move to the last file

Press Space + Dots 4 5 6

Pressing Space + Dots 4 5 6 moves File Manager selection to the last file in the current folder.

Incrementally search file list

Type the file name quickly

To find a file quickly, type the first few letters of the file's name. File Manager highlights the first file matching the letters you typed.

 

13.3.1 Supported File Types

Extension

Type

Explanation

BRF

Translated, formatted braille

displays exact representation

BRL

Translated, unformatted braille

displays exact representation

TXT

Text

displays as per the language selected  

 

In addition to the supported file types, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus shows the contents of any file. This feature is useful to examine files that contain readable text even if it is not a supported file type. However, some files may not contain readable content.

 

There are several excellent braille translation systems available in the U.S. If you obtain textbooks from APH or get transcribed titles from NLS or NBP, the braille should be correct and formatted. You may also get braille translation software that produces automatically translated braille using programs like ‘Liblouis’. Alternatively, you can have ‘Bookshare’ automatically generate braille files of the titles available.

13.4   Preparing Files

To prepare files for placement on the Orbit Reader 20 Plus, follow these guidelines:

To copy files to the SD card, remove the card from the Orbit Reader 20 Plus and place it into a card reader on your computer. Alternatively, you can connect the USB cable from the Orbit Reader 20 Plus to your computer and activate the Mass Storage protocol on the Orbit Reader 20 Plus by either pressing Space + Dots 5 7 or selecting Mass Storage from the USB option in the menu. When using the Mass Storage protocol, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus shows up as a drive on the computer, and here, you cannot use other functions of the Orbit Reader 20 Plus.

14   The Reader

In Stand-Alone mode, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus displays the content of files stored on an SD card. It translates the text into the language that the user selects for the Read/Edit option in the menu section.

 

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus is designed to be a stand-alone reader. Placing BRF, BRL, or TXT content (see File Types section) on an inserted SD card turns it into an on-the-go braille book reader. When first powered on, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus displays the contents of the first file on the SD card. To get to the file list, press Dot 7. Go to the desired file using the Up or Down Arrow key. Press Dot 8 or Select to open the file. Use Left and Right Panning keys to read it. There are many other functions in reading mode such as Find, Power Move, Bookmarks, and even a menu to set preferences. The following sections describe the commands and settings that can be used while reading.

 

When you turn the device on, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus resumes from the last place of the last file in use. For first-time use, it displays the first file or folder on the SD card. Press Dot 7 to close the file and display File Manager, which shows a list of files on the SD card. If there is no SD card inserted, the message "-- No SD card" is displayed.

 

When you open a text file for the first time on the device, the file gets translated first as per the language selected for the Read/Edit option. For large files, it may take a few seconds to complete the translation. The translation process is indicated by a progress bar on the display where dot 6 (6th pin) of the first 6 cells rises in sequence, repeatedly.

 

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus stores the translated files in the SD card so that it can be used in the future. Latency is observed only when you open the file for the first time or if the translated file is lost for some reason.

 

While the file translation is in progress, no other operations are allowed and key presses will not have any impact.

 

If the translation is taking too much time and you wish to abort the operation, you can do so by pressing Dot 7. The system will cancel the file-open operation and will take you back to the file manager.

 

You can switch the reading language with the help of the hotkey, even if you are in the middle of the file. Please note that if you change the language, the system will translate the file again as per the new language selected.

 

When you reach the end of the file, "-- End of file" is displayed by the Reader. Similarly, if you are at the beginning of the file, "-- Start of file" is displayed.

14.1   Reader Commands

While in Stand-Alone mode, the following commands are available.

 

To...

Press

Additional information

Go to Previous or Next display

Panning keys

See Panning Keys section for more information.

Go to Previous or Next Character

Left or Right Arrows

If you press Right Arrow key, the next letter appears on the right side of the display.
To conform to traditional braille display navigation commands, the Reader also supports Space + Dot 3 and Space + Dot 6.

Go to Previous or Next Word

Space + Left or Right Arrows

If you press Space + Right Arrow, the next word appears on the right side of the display. The Reader also supports Space + Dot 2 and Space + Dot 5.

Go to Previous or Next Page

Dot 3 or Dot 6

Pressing Dot 3 or Dot 6 moves the cursor back or forward in the file to the next page marker (form
feed) or 1000 characters, whichever comes first.

Go to Top or Bottom of a file

Dot 1 or Dot 4

Pressing Dot 1 moves to the top of a file; pressing Dot 4 moves to the bottom of a file. Alternatively, long-press Up or long-press Down keys can be used to jump to the top or bottom of a file, respectively. (For compatibility with other devices, Space + Dots 1 2 3 moves to the top and Space + Dots 4 5 6 moves to the bottom of a file.)

Exit File

Dot 7

If reading a file, pressing Dot 7 returns you to your previous location.

Open the Menu

Select + Up Arrow

Pressing Select + Up Arrow opens the Menu.

Set or Clear a Bookmark

Space + M

In addition to the automatic bookmark placed when you close a file, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus lets you set additional bookmarks. Reader displays the message "-- Bookmark added" or "-- Bookmark cleared" if there was already a bookmark at that position.

Go to Previous or Next Bookmark

Dot 2 or Dot 5

The Reader responds by moving the cursor to the bookmarked position. The bookmarked location appears as the first character on the display. If there are no marks in the indicated direction, "-- No more bookmarks" is displayed.

Power Move/Search Forward and/or Back

Dots 8 + Left or Dots 8 + Right  

Press Dots 8 + left to move back. Press Dots 8 + right to move forward. See Power Move Forward and Back section for more information.

Find Braille

Space + F (Dots 1 2 4)

Pressing Space + F opens an input field (Edit Box) with a cursor. By default, it shows the last search string on the display. This allows you to perform a search in a specific braille format by typing the text in the same braille format. Press Dot 8 to begin the search. To exit the Edit Box without performing a search, press Select . See Edit Box and Find Braille sections for more information.

Find Next Braille

Dots 8 + Right Arrow

Pressing Dots 8 + Right Arrow repeats a previous search forward from the point in the file where you are. If there is no text in the Find Edit buffer, the Reader uses the text at the cursor. See the Find Braille section for more information.

Find Previous Braille

Dots 8 + Left Arrow

Pressing Dots 8 + Left Arrow repeats a previous search backward from the point in the file where you are. If there is no text in the Find Edit buffer, the Reader uses the text at the cursor. See the Find Braille section for more information.

Edit Current File

Space + E

Space + E to edit the file you are currently reading. Press Select twice to exit the Editor and continue reading.

Open New File

Space + N

Space + N opens a new file in the Editor for editing/note-taking. Press Select twice to return to the file you were reading.

Edit Last Edited File

Space + Dots 1 2 4 6

Using this command reopens the last file you edited and returns the cursor to its last position in that file. The Edit Last Edited File command is useful for taking notes on what you read. Use the command to quickly switch back to the Editor. Then close the Editor to return to the title you are reading. This command has no effect if you are already editing a file. The device displays the error message "-- File not found" when no previous file has been opened. Press Select twice to return to the file you were reading.

14.2   Power Move Forward and Back

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus's power move commands provide a quick means of moving/searching through large sections of a file to find a known location in the document. A power move operates by using boundaries and moving 50% between them with each press of the key command. In essence, by using a power move to search within a file, you are drilling down to the information using a binary command. When you press Dot 8 + Down Arrow or Dot 8 + Up Arrow, the Reader moves in the following ways:

 

On the first press, the cursor moves halfway between the current position and the start (Dot 8 + Up Arrow) or end (Dot 8 + Down Arrow) of the file, which acts as boundaries for the power search.

 

Subsequent presses treat the moved-from position as the new boundary in that direction. So, if you are at the beginning of the file (or 0%) when you press the Dot 8 + Down Arrow, the Reader moves the cursor to halfway between 0% and 100%. You are now at 50%, and this becomes the new boundary. The initial boundary is at the original position of 0%. Therefore, if you press Dot 8 + Up Arrow, you move halfway between 50% and 0% to end at 25%. Or, if you press the Dot 8 + Down Arrow, you move halfway between 50% and 100% to end at 75%.

 

Each time you press Dot 8 + up arrow or Dot 8 + down arrow keys, the Reader shows the percentage in the first few cells of the display line and fills the rest of the cells with text at that position. This continues until you press some other key.

14.3   Find Braille

To find specific braille text, use the Find command (Space + F). The Orbit Reader 20 Plus responds by opening an input field (see Edit Box section) with a cursor, which is indicated by Dots 7 and 8. By default, it shows the text at the current cursor location in the edit box. Unlike the Power Move, which searches by known location of the text, the Find command searches the entire file for instances of the braille text you enter in the input field. If you have searched for something previously, that text appears in the Edit Box with your cursor at the end.

 

To find a word, first press Space + F to enter the Edit Box. Type the word you wish to find, in the language selected for the reader/editor and then press Dot 8 to start the search moving forward in the file. To search moving backward in the file, press Dot 8 + Left arrow. The word is shown as the first word on the display. If the word is not found, the message "-- Not found" is displayed. Press Dot 7 to clear the message. To exit the Edit Box without finding the word, press Select.

 

After the word is found, to continue searching, press Dot 8 + right arrow to find the next occurrence (forward in the file) or Dot 8 + left arrow to find a previous occurrence (towards the beginning of the file).

 

If you are searching for text in a contracted braille file, you must type the text you want to search in contracted braille.

 

If you are searching in a plain text file, you must type the text you want to search in Computer Braille. See Appendix A - Computer Braille Chart for details.

 

You can search for terms up to 255 characters long. Searches are generally not case sensitive. A search for the word "animal" results in finding both lowercase and uppercase versions of that word (animal/Animal). However, if you want to find words with upper case letters only, type the text you wish to find with the braille indicator for capitalization included (in contracted braille, one Dot 6 precedes a capital letter, while two Dot 6s precede an entirely capitalized word. In Computer Braille, capital letters include Dot 7). For example, a search for the capitalized word "Animal" gives the results for "Animal" (capitalized), but not "animal" (lowercase).

 

Additionally, searches match both whole and partial words. Searching for "an" finds "an" (whole) and "man" (partial). To restrict searches to whole words, add a space at the beginning or end of the word. The Reader matches the space with any non-printing character such as spaces, tabs, and line feeds.

 

Read the section on Edit Box for editing commands and navigation functionality.

 

In” search files”, the Reader moves from reading files to searched text and displays it at the beginning of the display line. If the text is not found, then the Reader displays “Not found” and gets back to its previous position. While searching through large documents, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus displays “Busy” while conducting the search.

 

To repeat a search moving forward towards the end of the file, press Dot 8 + Right Arrow.

 

To repeat a search moving back towards the beginning of the file, press Dot 8 + Left Arrow.

14.4   Braille Pacer (Auto-Scroll)

The Braille Pacer feature is available in the Reader and lets you set a reading pace for the display to automatically advance.

 

The pace can be adjusted during reading by pressing the space and up-arrow

key to increase the speed (i.e. a faster advance rate) or the space and down-arrow key to decrease the speed (i.e. a slower advance rate). Pressing these keys once increases or decreases the speed in one-second steps. You can set the scrolling speed from 1 to 20 seconds depending upon your reading speed.

 

Many users might like to have finer control of the speed and this can be achieved by pressing the space bar, dot 7 and up or down arrow keys. The fine control increases or decreases the speed in steps of one-tenth of a second.

 

The default speed is 10 seconds. You can review the current scroll rate from the menu, but it can be changed only while reading. The current scroll rate is not displayed when auto-scrolling. However, when the auto-scroll is stopped and the scroll rate is changed, the scroll rate will be displayed by the message “xx.y sec scroll rate”. You can use all the reading navigation commands during the Braille Pacer mode as well.

 

To...

Press

Additional information

Start/Stop Braille Pacer

Space

The rate of change is not viewable if the speed is increased or decreased while active.

Increase/Decrease Speed by 1 Second

Up or Down Arrow + Space

Increases or decreases speed by 1 second.

Increase/Decrease Speed by 0.1 Second

Dot 7 + Up or Down Arrow + Space

Increases or decreases speed by 0.1 second.

15   Edit Box

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus presents a text dialog or input field called an Edit Box when you want to find text or rename a file. The Edit Box permits only one line of text. Press Space + F to begin a search or press Space + R to rename a file.

 

Once in the Edit Box, insert the text by typing the desired text as per the language selected for the reader/editor and then use the Edit Box commands to navigate. The Edit Box displays a blinking cursor (Dots 7 8) to indicate the beginning of the text that you are searching or editing.  When the Orbit Reader 20 Plus shows an edit box, it often provides default text, such as a file name or a previously entered search term. To delete or replace the selected text, type a letter or press the backspace key (Dot 7). To edit the existing text in insert mode, press one of the arrow keys to move the cursor letter by letter to the position where you wish to edit.

15.1   Edit Box Commands

To...

Press

Additional information

Move Left or Right One Letter

Left or Right Arrow

Pressing left or right arrow moves the cursor in the desired direction. When the cursor reaches the end of the edit box, it stops--it can move no further.

Move to Start or End of Text

Up or Down Arrow

Press Up or Down Arrow to move the cursor to the beginning or end of the text.

Backspace

Dot 7

The Backspace key Dot 7, deletes the letter immediately left of the cursor. Use Backspace key in case of a typing mistake or to remove small amounts of text.

Accept typed text

Dot 8

Here, pressing Dot 8 acts as an Enter/OK key.

Close the Edit Box

Select

To close the edit box, use the Close command. In single line controls, Close removes what you have typed. In multiple line controls, all text is automatically saved in the editor.

16   The Editor

In addition to serving as a tool for reading braille, the Orbit Reader 20 Plus offers the ability to write and edit text. This feature allows you to create/edit new or existing files on the SD card.

 

While you are in the Editor mode, the cursor notes the current position by blinking Dots 7 8. The default setting for the cursor is 1 second. The blink of the cursor can be turned off from the Menu.

 

There are three ways to edit a file. Each of these three commands is available both from the Reader and the File Manager.

·         Edit new file: Space + N

·         Edit current file: Space + E

·         Switch to last edited file: Space + Dots 1 2 4 6

To insert text, type or paste the text at the cursor. You can insert any text into an open file using the braille keys (Dot 1 to Dot 8). The Editor adds the typed or pasted text.

 

To exit Editor, press Select, E or Select twice. The cursor disappears, returning you to the Reader in the file you were editing.

 

When you exit the editor or save the file from the context menu, the back translation from braille to text is performed as per the selected language. The translation process is indicated by showing a progress bar on display where the Dot 6 (6th pin) of the first 6 cells raises in sequence repeatedly. This operation cannot be canceled.

 

If you are exiting a new file, the editor automatically names the file with the first 20 characters of the translated text in the file. If a file already exists with that name, the Editor appends a number to it until it produces a unique name. To rename a file or to add an extension to the file name, highlight the file name in File Manager, and use the rename command. If there are Computer Braille characters that cannot be used in a filename, such as a forward slash (/) or an asterisk (*), the characters are replaced with an underscore (_). Once you exit, the new file name in the File Manager is selected. If you wish to rename the file, use the rename command (Space + R). If you want to give the file a specific name, write that name as the first line in the file.

 

Note: It is recommended that you exit the Editor before you perform a system update, reset the device, or remove the SD card. Exiting the Editor saves your work. Not exiting the Editor first could result in lost work.

16.1   Editor Commands

To ...

Press

Additional information

Edit New File

Space + N

Creates a new file in the Editor.

Edit Current File

Space + E

Opens the selected file for editing.

Switch to Last Edited File

Space + Dots 1 2 4 6

Opens the last edited file for further editing. The device displays the error message "-- File not found" if the file has been deleted.

Add a new line (Enter)

Dot 8

Pressing Dot 8 adds a new line (enters a carriage return) at the end of a paragraph and places the editing cursor in the first cell of the next paragraph.

Delete a character

Dot 7

Pressing Dot 7 deletes the character to the left of the editing cursor.

Exit Editor

Select twice OR Select, E

When you close a file, Editor saves and returns back to the Reader or File Manager, depending on your earlier location. It automatically saves your work.
If you have opened the file from File Manager, File Manager makes the new file the current item in the list.
If you edit an existing file, Reader moves the reading position to the place where the cursor was.

 

Save current work

 

 

Select, S

The Orbit Reader 20 Plus automatically saves files every 1 KB of data or about 1000 characters, as you edit. However, small file increments could be lost during certain situations such as SD card removal, system updates, or device resets. Pressing Select, S saves the file as you deem necessary.

Go to next or previous character

Left or Right Arrow

Pressing Left or Right Arrow moves the cursor to the previous or next character.

Go to next or previous word

Space + Left or Right Arrow

Pressing Space + Left or Right Arrow moves the cursor to the start of the previous word or next word. This is also used to navigate between digits.

Previous or next display

Pan Up or Down

Pressing Up or Down on the Panning rocker keys allows you to move to the previous or next display of braille. If you press the bottom part of the rocker key, the display pans forward. If you press the top of the rocker key, the display pans backward. The editing cursor is placed at the first cell. See Panning Keys section for more information.

Previous or next paragraph

Up or Down Arrow

Pressing the Up or Down Arrow moves the editing cursor to the start of the previous or next paragraph. If start of the previous or next paragraph is not on the display, then the display pans to the start of previous or next paragraph of the first cell on the display. The editing cursor is placed in the first cell.

Start or end of paragraph

Space + Dot 7 + Left or Right Arrow

Pressing Space + Dot 7 + Left or Right Arrow moves the cursor to the start or end of the current paragraph. If the start or end is not on the current display, then the display pans to the start or end of the first cell of the display. The editing cursor is placed in the first cell.

Previous or next page

Space + Dot 7 + Up or Down Arrow

Pressing Space + Dot 7 + Up or Down Arrow moves the cursor to the previous or next page (1000 characters or form feed character).

Go to top or end of the document

Long press Up or Down Arrow

Long pressing Up or Down Arrow moves the cursor to the top or bottom of the document.

Find Next Braille

Dots 8 + Right Arrow

Pressing Dots 8 + Right arrow repeats a previous search forward from the point in the file where you are. If there is no text in the Find Edit buffer, the Editor uses the text at the cursor.

Find Previous Braille

Dots 8 + Left Arrow

Pressing Dots 8 + Left arrow repeats a previous search backwards from the point in the file where you are. If there is no text in the Find Edit buffer, the Editor uses the text at the cursor.

16.2   Editor Block Text Commands

The Editor block operations depend on a selection. The selection is the text between the cursor and the location mark.

 

Note: The size limit for a cut/copy/paste operation is 5 KB of data.

 

Adding a location mark does not change the content. Marks are used for copying/cutting a selection of text. To copy or cut using marks, press Select, M to place a mark. Only one mark can be placed/added at a time. Once the mark is placed, the text between the cursor and the mark can be copied (Select, C) or cut (Select, X). Once text is copied or cut, the mark is cleared.

 

To ...

Press

Additional information

Set or clear Location Mark

Select, M

The editor indicates a mark by raising both Dots 7 and 8 on the character where the mark occurs. To set or clear a mark in the file, press the Mark command. If there was already a mark at the cursor, the editor shows "-- Mark cleared" on the display and removes the mark. If there was no mark, it shows -" Mark set" and adds a mark.

Copy

Select, C

The copy command places the selected text onto the clipboard for later use in this file or another file.